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Vincent van Gogh for Children: Biography for Kids - FreeSchool

https://patreon.com/freeschool - Help support more content like this!A child-friendly introduction to the artist Vincent van Gogh. Who was he? Why is he famo...

Vincent van Gogh

  • Occupation: Artist, Painter
  • Born: March 30, 1853 in Zundert, Netherlands
  • Died: July 29, 1890 in Auvers-sur-Oise, France age 37
  • Famous works: Starry Night, The Bedroom, Irises, Sunflowers
  • Style/Period: Post-impressionist, Modern Art

Biography:

Where did Vincent van Gogh grow up?

Vincent van Gogh was born in the
Netherlands in 1853. His father and grandfather were ministers, but others in his family worked in the art world. Vincent had two brothers and three sisters. He was closest to his younger brother Theo.

Although he enjoyed drawing from the time he was a young boy, Vincent had a number of other jobs before he decided to work as an artist full time. He worked as a teacher in London and then as a minister. He also worked in a book store, an art gallery, and as a missionary. At around the age of 27, van Gogh decided to devote himself completely to art.

Early Years

When Vincent first started drawing he sketched pictures using pencils or charcoal sticks. He used some watercolors as well. He liked to draw pictures of poor hardworking people. Eventually he began to paint using oil paints.

 

In this early part of his career, van Gogh used a lot of dark colors such as browns and dark greens. His pictures were often somber or sad. His most famous early painting was called The Potato Eaters. It was a dark picture of a peasant family eating potatoes for dinner.


Letters to His Brother

Much of what we know about van Gogh comes from letters he wrote to his brother Theo. Theo worked in an art gallery in Paris and supported Vincent's art career. He sent Vincent money and encouraged him. Theo tried to sell Vincent's paintings, but no one wanted to buy them.

 

Years in Paris

Theo wrote to Vincent to tell him about a new style of painting in Paris called Impressionism. In 1886 Vincent moved to Paris to learn from these new painters. His art became influenced by painters such as Claude Monet, Edgar Degas, and Camille Pissarro. He also became good friends with artist Paul Gauguin.

During this time van Gogh began to use brighter colors. His brushwork also became more broken. He painted subjects from the streets and cafes of Paris as well as the countryside. Van Gogh also became interested in painting portraits of people. When he couldn't find models, he would paint himself for practice. He painted over twenty self portraits during this time.

Arles, France


In 1888 van Gogh moved south to Arles, France to start up an artist's commune. He rented out a yellow house to live in and invited artist Paul Gauguin to join him. He loved the vibrant colors and the bright sun of Arles.

Van Gogh began painting with intensity and emotion. The colors in his paintings became more vibrant and bright. He would sometimes apply the paint directly onto the canvas from the tubes leaving the paint thick with rough brush strokes.

 

In 1888 van Gogh moved south to Arles, France to start up an artist's commune. He rented out a yellow house to live in and invited artist Paul Gauguin to join him. He loved the vibrant colors and the bright sun of Arles.

Van Gogh began painting with intensity and emotion. The colors in his paintings became more vibrant and bright. He would sometimes apply the paint directly onto the canvas from the tubes leaving the paint thick with rough brush strokes. Sometimes it would take weeks for his paintings to dry because the paint was so thick.

Vincent painted hundreds of pictures during this time, sometimes painting masterpieces in a single day. He became fully obsessed with art. Paul Gauguin came to visit for a time, but the two artists had an argument and Gauguin soon left.

Mental Hospital

In 1889 van Gogh committed himself to a mental hospital. He could barely take care of himself. He still continued to paint and painted one of his most famous paintings Starry Night. Many of his paintings during this time featured cypress trees and lots of swirling colors. Van Gogh's mental state continued to deteriorate. On July 29, 1890 he died from a self-inflicted bullet wound to the chest.

 


Legacy

Although he wasn't famous during his lifetime, today he is considered one of the greatest and most influential artists of his time. Many of his paintings sell for millions of dollars today. There are over 800 surviving oil paintings as well as over a thousand water colors and sketches of his work.

 

Did he really cut off his ear?

Yes. After an argument with painter Paul Gauguin, van Gogh went home and cut off part of his left ear with a razor blade. He then wrapped up the ear in a cloth and presented it to a woman as a "present".

Interesting Facts about Vincent van Gogh

 

  • He would get so obsessed with painting that he often wouldn't eat. He had poor health as a result.
  • Van Gogh was influenced by Japanese prints and woodcuts which he studied intensely.
  • Some people think that he may have only sold one work during his lifetime. It was called The Red Vineyard.
  • His brother Theo died six months after Vincent and was buried next to him.
  • In some of his self-portraits his ear is bandaged from when he cut it. It looks like his right ear in the pictures because he was using a mirror to paint himself.
  • You can see the painting Starry Night at the New York Museum of Modern Art

 

Monday 8th February 2021
L.O -
To investigate different marks that can be made using pencils.

 

 

 
   
  1. When and where was Vincent Van Gogh born?
  2. Where and when did he die?
  3. What did Vincent’s father and grandfather do?
  4. What did Vincent use when he first started drawing?
  5. What kind of people did Vincent like to draw in his early years?
  6. At the start of his career, what kind of colours did he use?
  7. What was the name of his most famous early painting?
  8. What was the name of Vincent’s brother?
  9. How do we know so much about Vincent?
  10. What was the name of the style Vincent used when he was in Paris?
  11. Which painters influenced him when he was in Paris?
  12. What did he paint during his time in Paris?
  13. Where was Vincent when he painted ‘Starry Night’?
  14. How many oil paintings and watercolour sketches survive today?
  15. Why did Vincent cut off his ear?
  16. Who did Vincent give part of his ear to?
  17. What kind of prints was Vincent influenced by?
  18. How many paintings do some people think Vincent sold during his lifetime?
  19. Where can you see the painting ‘Starry Night’?
  20. When did Vincent’s brother, Theo, die?

Exploring Mark Making Inspired by Van Gogh- Art Demonstration

Exploring Mark Making Inspired by Van Gogh Art Demonstration This is lesson one in a series on mark making and landscapes inspired by Vincent Van GoghThis is...

For the following task, I would like you to examine Vincent van Gogh’s drawings. I would like you to take a look at the different marks that he’s used in his drawings. In the box provided – draw all the different marks that you can see.

I would like you to draw and create some of your own marks in the circle below. Take some inspiration from Vincent van Gogh’s mark making.

Tuesday 9th February 2021
L.O -
To investigate the visual element of tone (light and dark)

How to Use Mark Making to Create Tone- Art Demonstration- Pen and Pencil

How to Use Mark Making to Create Tone- Art Demonstration- Pen and PencilDo you want to improve your drawing skills? Do you want to develop shading and blendi...

Take a line for a walk! Start from the circle in the middle and see how many different marks you can make by taking your line to the end of square! You can make as many lines as you want!

Thursday 11th February 2021
L.O - To develop an image using your imagination

 

Vincent Van Gogh said I dream my painting and then I paint my dream.

Friday 12th February 2021
L.O - To discuss work and think about what you could adapt according to your views


Art Evaluation Sheet

Describe what you have made

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Describe what you like about your work

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How could you improve your work if you did it again?

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How is your work similar to the work of Vincent van Gogh?

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