Journey of a river
This half term in geography we'll be looking at rivers.
Task 1 - pre learning task
Using the key words, label the stages of the river.
Do not worry if you do not know the answers, just give it a go.
Task 2 - The journey of a river
Watch the videos below to find out about the journey of a river and how the water cycle contributes to it.
Write a short fact file about the journey of a river.
You might want to structure your fact file in 3 paragraphs, the upper course, middle course and lower course. In each paragraph, mention what happens in that course. Use the word bank below to add key words in your writing.
See the example below.
The journey of a river
The source of a river is often in upland areas. Here, high levels of precipitation (rain and snow) combined with steep slopes and sparse vegetation result in water flowing overland. In the upper course the river bed is narrow and rocky. As it moves over rocks, the water becomes turbulent and appears fast-flowing. Waterfalls are also a feature of the upper course.
As the land becomes flatter the river moves into its middle course. The river becomes wider and deeper and begins to loop and curve, or meander.
In the middle course the shape of the river is under constant change. The water erodes, transports and deposits soil and other material.
The land is very flat, with gentle, wide valleys – we are nearing sea level. The river will be at its widest here. Many rivers have estuaries, which are characterised by wide, flat land and a wide channel as the river flows into the sea. The place where the river ends is called the mouth of a river.
Task 3 - River activities