The focus of this week is: Fiction (Fables)
Activity 1 - Conjunctions
The cat stretched.
This is a simple sentence. It has a subject (cat) and a verb (stretched).
The tortoise smiled.
Which is the subject and verb in this simple sentence?
Can you think of a simple sentence? Write at least 3 simple sentences.
Simple sentences can be linked together using a set of conjunctions. It is then called a compound sentence.
We had indoor play. There was a storm.
We had indoor play because there was a storm.
Can you remember the year 4 conjunctions?
When, if, although, because
Can you think of other conjunctions: subordinating/co-ordinating?
(See the list below)
- Read the fable 'Fox and Grapes'
- What do you notice about the rhythm of the fable?
- The fable is written in simple sentences. Find one and say the subject and the verb.
- Now choose a pair of simple sentences which might make sense joined together by a conjunction (see example below)
- Say the 2 sentences together, trying out the sound of different conjunctions.
- Which conjunction is best, write it down
- Change the punctuation to show that the 2 simple sentences have become 1 compound sentence
- Join some more simple sentences in this way.
- Now reread the whole fable again. What effect have your changes made to how it sounds?
New compound sentence:
Fox was starving so he searched around for food.
Have you noticed... The full stop is no longer needed after 'starving' and 'he' doesn't need a capital letter.
Activity 2 - Character traits
Fables are often short, so characters have to be easy to recognise for their traits (because fables are about moral lessons more than character development).
Let's pick the character Hare from the fable: The Hare and the Tortoise.
- What sort of character is he? Mean, boastful, rude, arrogant...
- Actions which show this - He stands with his nose in the air and sneers at other animals.
- Dialogue which shows this - "You slow coaches will never outrun me," declared Hare.
Your task is to look for character traits and justify these with evidence from the text.
Below are a range of short fables. Read these fables and choose 5 different characters who's traits you will pick out.
Use the table Analysing Fable Characters to layout your work. An example about the Hare has already been done.
Activity 3 - The moral of the story?
Read the story 'The Boy Who Cried Wolf' and decide what the moral of this story is.
Some might think that the moral of this story is:
Liars are not believed even when they speak the truth.
But, there is no correct moral.
Meanings have changed for people, over the hundreds of years that fables have been retold.
Take a look at some of the morals below, that have been drawn from the story of The Boy Who Cried Wolf.
Who do you agree with? Why?
Read the fable 'The Fox and the Stork' and think about the different morals that can be drawn from it.
Then answer the questions about the moral.